The Marshall Family – Part Two – John Marshall 1733 – 1804

In my previous post I started to talk about the earlier generations of my Marshall family line, starting from my 8x great grandfather Richard Marshall of Denby, Penistone, South Yorkshire. That post focused on him, his eldest son John b. 1665 and in turn John’s eldest son also called John – born 1705 and died 1787. He and his wife Elizabeth Walshaw had ten children and this post will focus on their eldest son John.

John Marshall was baptised on 18th November 1733 in Denby, Penistone. He became a Tanner by trade – meaning that he cured animal skins with tannins – a tree bark powder – and other substances like urine to make leather. This was an extremely smelly job and often tanneries were located outside of the main town or village, usually near a water source like a river, and often where the poorer people lived – adding to their hard living conditions.

Image of a Tanner from Spiegel van het Menselyk Bedryf’ (Mirror of Human Activities) 

John married a lady called Jenny sometime before 1767 – I have not yet found a definitive marriage entry to know what her maiden name was. John and Jenny went on to have seven children together in Denby.

Elizabeth baptised 13th July 1767 – buried 19th Mar 1768

Jenny/Jane baptised June 1768 (the day is illegible in the parish register)

Michael baptised 3rd December 1770

John baptised 25th June 1771

Thomas baptised 12th August 1772 – buried 18th July 1781

Joshua baptised 1st Oct 1774 – buried 12th February 1777

Francis baptised 27th April 1776

Sadly John’s wife Jenny passed away the same year their son Francis was born, she was buried at Denby on 2nd November 1776.

There are various mentions of John in the Sheffield Archives in 1776 relating to a mortgage on a property which seems to have been purchased in 1774, but that the initial money wasn’t paid and that John had agreed to purchase the messuage for £330 of which a sum of £39 15s 6d would be paid to the landowner Jonathan West junior – a Gentleman from Barnsley and the rest (£320 4s 6d) to be paid to John Longley of Raw Green, Cawthorne. It then stated that it would be held to a Timothy Hepworth for the remainder of the 500 year term (presumably a kind of leasehold agreement) in trust for John Marshall and attend to the inheritance of this property going forward.

There is also a mention of John in the archives for 1782 relating to him obtaining property/land from Walter Spencer Stanhope of Cannon Hall – for a messuage called Dean Hill, with buildings and lands adjoining; closes called Well Croft, Daisy Close, Upper Stubhooks, Lower Stubhooks, House Close, Barkers Close, The Ing, Near Tenant Ride, Far Tenant Ride, Ox Close, Rough Close, Near Long Close, Far Long Close, Great Close, Great Close, Square Close, Pitt Close, Martin Carr, Wilkin Ride, all in Cawthorne. Reserving all trees and mines to Walter Spencer Stanhope. For 16 years, at £370 rent, plus £35 per acre for every acre ploughed, over and above 1 acre, and £33 per acre for every acre not limed, and 25/- for every cart load of hay or straw sold from the premises, and for every cart load of compost, dung soil or ashes not spread on the land. John Marshall further agreed not to plough Daisy Close, Well Croft, Barkers Close and House Croft at any time during the lease; not to plough more than 1/3 of the remaining land at any time during the last 3 years of the lease; before the end of the 13th year of the lease, he will put down to grass, 2/3 of the premises, by sowing with well dressed hayseed at the rate of 2 quarters per acre.

Dean Hill Farm from the OS Map of 1891 from oldmapsonline.org

John then obtained more lands through lease by way of a marriage settlement in December 1785 – It named the parties involved as Jane Beaumont of New Laithes, spinster and John Marshall of Denby, tanner. Also Charles Marshall of Deanhill in Cawthorne, tanner. Moiety of dwelling house, farm, lands, closes, enclosures et cetera at Whitley and Egburgh (Eggborough). John married Jane Beaumont, his second wife, on 6th December 1785 in the parish of Royston, their marriage licence was dated two years before the actual marriage on 2nd December 1783 when John was aged 50 and Jane was 47. It is likely Jane had been married before so Beaumont is likely a previous married surname rather than her maiden name. They went on to have a son John baptised on 27th Dec 1786 at Denby. It is interesting that they have a son John, as John senior and his first wife Jenny had a son John in 1771. It is possible that the elder child might have died in infancy, however I have seen a few instances where second marriages have led to having children with the same names as living children from a first marriage.

In the same year their son was born, John acquired half part of a house, farm and lands at Whitley through a lease from a widow called Sarah Wood of Tanshelf. Jane sadly died a few years later, as there was a burial on 3rd March 1792 at Denby for Jane – wife of John Marshall. It looks like a year later John leased some land to an Alice Crosley and in May 1795 it looks like he released the messuage he had at Raw Green back to John Longley.

There were then a number of records over the years from 1796 to 1804 involving transactions of leases on land and property involving John – some mentioning the farm known as Beaumont’s Farm with 97 acres at Whitley, and copyhold land at Gawthrope to a John Sykes. A transaction between John and a Thomas Wade, Gentleman of Lewdon, Darfield. A mention of John relating to dwelling houses with barn and shops, and several closes et cetera at Denby Dike Side and a George Dyson, Yeoman of nearby Denaby. Also with a Francis Ingram the elder, Benjamin Kennett and Francis Ingram the younger, all of Wakefield, bankers and co-partners regarding a messuage in Nether Denby with tan house, tan yard and other buildings and the brewhouse lying near and the lands belonging thereto containing 29 acres; also Spring Wood or piece of wood ground called Brown Royd Wood in Nether Denby containing 4 acres 2 roods; Tilfit in Skelmanthorpe containing 6 acres; 2 houses with barn and shop and the croft on which they stand and 3 closes of land formerly 1 close called Swift Croft in Denby and Skelmanthorpe; the land at Whitley; several messuages, lands, grounds, tithes et cetera at or near Gawthorpe. The final detail relating to a lease agreement with Sarah Wade of Lowdin, spinster, Edward Hippon of Earls Heaton, blanket maker and Martha his wife, John Marshall of Nether Denby, tanner and Elizabeth his wife and William Rawden Earnshaw. This related to a dwelling house and barn and Spofard Garth, The Ing, Bateman Closes, The Intack, Whitfield Closes, Pollack Close and 2 closes adjoining the Whitfield containing together 97 acres at Whitley and Egbrough. It was from this last entry that it became clear that John had married for a third time – as it referenced a wife called Elizabeth.

John was buried on the 24th March 1804 in Denby. His third wife Elizabeth outlived him by 16 years – being buried at Denby on 27th May 1820 aged 69. It noted that she was a resident of Cawthorne. Elizabeth had made a will in 1816 which referenced her marriage settlement of 30 Apr 1794, by which she received the power to dispose of £3400 by will. It stated that she now leaves £3200 to Walter Spencer Stanhope of Cannon Hall, Yorks, esq, and £3200 to Charles Marshall of Dean Hill, Cawthorne, tanner. The latter sum is to be chargeable with the payment of £38 to Elizabeth, daughter of John Farrar of Ingbirchworth, tanner. The residue of the estate was to go to Charles Marshall – her husband’s brother as mentioned above. The Elizabeth Farrar mentioned was her husband’s grandaughter as his daughter Jenny/Jane had married John Farrar in 1789. I have not yet found reference to Elizabeth’s marriage settlement to understand more details around that, and details about her maiden name or previous married name.

Interestingly I found some marriage licence records for two other planned marriages for John Marshall but it looks like those marriages never came to pass. There was one between John and an Elizabeth Beevor dated 31st October 1777, with John aged 43 of Penistone and Elizabeth aged 45 of Felkirk, with the intended place of marriage being her parish. There is no record of that marriage taking place. There was then another dated 10th August 1781 between John aged 47 and a Katherine Oxley aged 50 of Wath, again with the intended marriage place being her parish. No formal marriage entry has been found. It is very interesting to think about whether John’s marriages after his marriage to Jenny were more like business arrangements to get access to more land and property or whether he genuinely wanted to marry these women.

Of John’s children we know that his daughter Jenny/Jane married John Farrar who was a tanner like him. I don’t know much more about the other children, they may well have moved away from the area, but Francis married Mary Ann Charlesworth in Wakefield in 1801, his brother Michael was a witness as was a Charles Marshall who may be either his uncle or his cousin.

Family Tree of John Marshall 1733 – 1804

The next post will focus on John Marshall’s brother Edward.

4 thoughts on “The Marshall Family – Part Two – John Marshall 1733 – 1804

  1. What is a messuage? At first I thought that was a typo, but then you repeated the word so I know it wasn’t.

    So how many John Marshalls have you counted on your tree? (Did you know that there was a very famous Chief Justice on the US Supreme Court in the early 19th century named John Marshall? Any connection to your family?)

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